3 types of dating abuse

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This paper considers how dating violence is defined, what its consequences are, and what can be done about it.For the purpose of this paper, dating violence is defined as any intentional physical, sexual or psychological assault on a person by a dating partner.In contrast, severe violence includes acts for which the risk of permanent or serious injury is high.According to a Canadian study, severe violence is relatively rare.Intimate (Patriarchal) Terrorism may be defined as the systematic use of violence and other abusive behaviour to control a partner.Violence in these types of relationships is generally frequent and escalates to severe violence.

Emotional or Psychological Abuse includes insulting or swearing at, belittling or threatening a dating partner.It includes behaviour such as hitting a partner with a hard object or assault with weapons.While the distinction between severe and moderate violence is common in the research literature, it is important to remember that the injuries resulting from physical violence depend on many factors, including the vulnerability of the victim (e.g., disability or a prior history of abuse), the victim’s resilience, and the social support that he or she receives, including personal and wider social supports.While the risk of physical injury may be moderate or extreme, any physical violence carries an accompanying risk of emotional harm.Sexual Violence includes coercing a dating partner to engage in sexual activity, using force to attempt or to have sexual relations, and attempting or having intercourse with a person who is under the influence of drugs or alcohol and is unable to resist or give consent.

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